Ellen Garland is a Royal Society University Research Fellow at the University of St Andrews. Her research focuses on animal culture and social learning in cetaceans, and in particular the cultural transmission, vocal learning, and function of humpback whale song. She is also interested in vocal sequence analysis techniques, and using similarity in vocal displays to define population structures for conservation management. Ellen has previously held a Newton International Fellowship from the Royal Society of London at St Andrews, and a National Academy of Sciences (National Research Council) Postdoctoral Fellowship at N.O.A.A. in the U.S.A.